Multiple Intelligences

Sojourner School is founded on the Multiple Intelligences theory of Dr. Howard Gardner, which identifies eight human intelligences that elementary schools should address to help children achieve their highest potential.

These Intelligences can be described as follows:

Verbal-Linguistic (word smart)

An individual’s capacity to use language effectively as a means of expression and communication through the  written or spoken word. Examples include: poets, writers, orators and comedians.

Logical-Mathematical (logic smart)

An individual’s capacity to recognize relationships and patterns between concepts and things. To think logically, calculate numbers and solve problems both scientifically and systematically. Examples include: mathematicians, economists, lawyers and scientists.

Visual-Spatial (picture smart)

An individual’s capacity to think in images and orient oneself spatially. In addition, spatially intelligent people are able to graphically represent their visual and spatial ideas. Examples include: artists, decorators, architects, pilots, sailors, surveyors, inventors and guides.

Musical (music smart)

An individual’s capacity to appreciate a variety of musical forms as well as being able to use music as a vehicle of expression. Musically intelligent people are perceptive to elements of rhythm, melody, and pitch. Examples include: singers, musicians and composers.

Bodily-Kinesthetic (body smart)

An individual’s capacity to use one’s own body skillfully as a means of expression or to work with one’s body to create or manipulate objects. Examples include: dancers, actors, athletes, sculptors, surgeons, mechanics, and craftspeople.

Interpersonal (people smart)

An individual’s capacity to appropriately and effectively communicate with and respond to other people. The ability to work cooperatively with others and understand their feelings. Examples include: sales people, politicians, religious leaders and talk show hosts.

Intrapersonal (self smart)

An individual’s capacity to accurately know one’s self, including knowledge of one’s own strengths, motivations, goals and feelings. To be capable of self-reflection and to be introverted and contemplative are also traits held by persons with Intrapersonal intelligence. Examples include: entrepreneurs, therapists and philosophers.

Naturalistic (nature smart)

An individual’s capacity to identify and classify the components that make up our environment. This intelligence would have been especially apt during the evolution of the human race in individuals who served as hunters, gatherers, and farmers. Examples include: botanists and farmers.